# Binary Search Algorithm

Want to learn more? Check out Data Structures and Algorithms in Python

## Create Sorted List

We need a sorted list for binary search algorithm. This can be created using these two lines:

```
sorted_list = list(range(20))
sorted_list
```

[0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19]

## Create A Binary Search Algorithm

```
# Define a function that takes a sorted list and the value we want to find,
def binary_search(sorted_list, target):
# Set the initial search area to be the whole list
search_area = sorted_list
# While the search area has at least 1 element,
while len(search_area) >= 1:
# Print the current search area:
print('Search area:', search_area)
# Create the index of the last element
end = len(search_area) - 1
# Create the index of the first element
middle = int((0 + end)/2)
# If target is smaller than the middle value of the search area
if target < search_area[middle]:
# Make the new search area the first half of the current search area
search_area = search_area[:middle]
# If target is greater than the middle value of the search area
elif target > search_area[middle]:
# Make the new search area the second half of the current search area
search_area = search_area[middle:]
# If the target is equal to the middle value of the search area:
else:
# Print success!
return print('Found it!', str(search_area[middle]))
# If the list area has 0 elements, print that search failed
else:
return print('Not in list!')
# Run function
binary_search(sorted_list, 7)
```

Search area: [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19] Search area: [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8] Search area: [4, 5, 6, 7, 8] Search area: [6, 7, 8] Found it! 7